The rich mosaic of the English countryside has a fascinating fourth dimension: layer upon layer of history, visible in traces left by the continuous succession of hundreds of generations. This book puts into sharp focus one small part of that countryside, the ancient Somerset parish of Publow, about seven miles south of Bristol.
As a topographical history, it is primarily about places - fields and houses, etc - but inevitably it also tells some of the stories of the people and families who have been associated with these places over the centuries.
For anyone who likes exploring the countryside, the many footpaths in the old parish of Publow (which includes most of Pensford and Woollard) make much of this history still observable, or imaginable. Such exploration on foot offers an engrossing return to the days when a person's parish was pretty much their world. It was far from being the collection of anonymous, boring fields it might appear to be today. A wide variety of topography and semi-natural vegetation could flourish in the age which preceded agricultural mechanisation.
A sense of place would be enhanced by shared oral histories and legends relating to all kinds of specific and special areas. This is why place names and field names can be so ancient and so revealing, and this is also why they are considered at some length in the main text, place by place.
Note, this book only refers to the old parish of Publow (which excluded part of the modern village of Pensford and the part of Woollard which lies in the parish of Compton Dando). To help visitors to enjoy such days out exploring, some basic information about local pubs, and pointers to sources for information about transport and accommodation has been added (see page 92).
Some of the local footpaths are shown on the map on page iii, but walkers should get the Ordnance Survey Explorer Map 155, which shows all the rights of way, and access to neighbouring parishes. The text is based on Publow Field Names, which was published in 1988. It has been amended, and expanded, and an index of people's names has been added, with references to the properties they owned or leased (for the benefit of family historians). The map on page iii gives an indication of the area of Pensford and Belluton which was transferred from Stanton Drew Parish to Publow Parish in 1947.
The main justification for publishing lies in the excellence of some of the 18th and 19th century sources used, in particular the maps of 1776 and 1806, from which selected details are reproduced. The 1839/1840 Tithe Map is also an excellent source, and its numbering sequence has been adopted here for the reference numbers of all the plots (houses or fields) in the main text and gazetteer. Throughout the text the T numbers (eg T7, T85) refer to the plot numbers on the 1839 Tithe Map. An A to Z style copy of the Tithe Map is appended as a six page indexed supplement to the text.
A few introductory paragraphs cover some of the more general topics, and a few more are added under the final paragraph Miscellaneous by directing the reader to the relevant Tithe numbers in the main text.
Contents - page numbers
Introduction - 1
Acknowledgements 1988 - 2
Acknowledgements 2003 - 3
Illustrations / photographs - 3
Ownership of the manors - 4
John Locke - 7
Place names - 8
Field names - 11
Topographical names - 12
Land use - 13
Wildlife - 16
The Wansdyke - 17
The Hwicce - 19
Estate and Parish boundaries - 22
Domesday estates - 24
Settlements - 25
Roads and bridges - 27
Commons and coalmines - 28
Miscellaneous other themes - 30
Gazetteer - 31-78
References - 79
Index of field names - 83
Index of surnames in the main text - 84
1839 Tithe Map - 86-91
Info for visitors - 92
Index of Surnames in 'Pensford, Publow
and Woollard' (2003)
T numbers refer to the 1839 Tithe Map reference
Adams, A. - T116 Baber - T370 Baber, Francis - T91 Batt, Mary - T151, T168 Batten, Holly - T91 Baum, F. - T63, T143 Bellamy, Rev A. - T97, T210, T265 Bilk, Acker - T281 Billingsley, John - T164 Bisse, John - T5 Blanning, Ann - T84 Blanning, Henry-T84 Bokeland, John - T200 Bokke, Willelmo - T200 Boleyn, Ann - T7-10 Bolter - T336 Bridges, Sir Thomas - T91 Bright, Richard - T209 Broadrip,Mr - T164, T168 Brown, Richard - T130 Bullock, Richard - T161 Cave, James - T108 Clare, Gilbert de - T298 Copeland, - T18 Corp, Susanna - T18 Cottle, Mr - T218, T301 Culpepper, Nicholas - T58 Curtis, William - T1 Daubeny, Reverend Andrew - T7-10 Daubeny, Reverend James - T7-10 Dickinson Vickris - T309, T318-T325, T400, T401 Duckett, Cornelius - T232 Duckett, Miriam - T232 Duckett, William - T232 Fifoot, John - T290 Fifoot, Martha - T290 Flower, William - T33 Freeman Esquire - T209 Gales, John - T309, T325, T338, T343, T347 Green, Martha - T29 Green, Daniel - T85 Green, James - T29 Green, John - T29 Green, Richard - T29 Hanney, George - T162 Harris, Ezekiel - T84 Harwar, Nicholas - T142 Hawting, Mr - T122 Heath, Joseph - T33 Hedges, T268, T279 Herne, William - T172 Hodges, William - T231 Hudson, C. - T43 Jeffreys, Lord Chief Justice - page John Freeman & Copper Co - T85 Kent, N. - T210 Langford, Mr - T236 Leech, Roger - T17, T32 Lloyd, William - T293, T330 Lock, Edward - T14, T86 Lock, Peter - T14 Locke, John - T14, T86 Long, Lambrook - T91 Norden, John - T391 Owen, Mr - T98, T212, T218 Parkman E. - T90 Parr, Katherine - T7-10 Paulet, Lord - T293, T355 Pearce, Richard - T164 Pine, James - T248 Popham, Alexander - T210 Popham, Dorothy - T58 Popham, Edward - T162, T231, T309 Popham, Francis - T130 Popham, Sir Francis - T166, T174 Popham, Francis Leyborn - T210, T265, T365 Pophams, T29 Price, William - T174 Primrose, Henry - T33 Ralph, Bishop - T313 Ritson, Vivian - T298, T281 Russell, Mr - T343 Sage, Henry - T18 T313 Seymour Lord Thomas - T7-10 Smart, Annie - T33 Smart, Doris - T33 Smart, George - T33 Smith, William - T209 Stocker - T116, T368, T395 Stocker, Anthony - T368 Sweetman - T155 Taint, Sir Charles - T216, T293, T288, T293, T294 Taylor, Mr - T204 Tyler, Ann - T350 Tyndall & Co - T183 Tyndall and Elton - T85 Ward, George - T85 Ward, Mary - T85 Ward, Richard Brickdale - T85 Weeks, James - T232 Wesley, John - T20, T250, T274 Whatley, John - T389 Wheatley,W.W. - T232 Whippey - T389 Whippey, Thomas - T389 Whippie, Sarah - T389 White, J.W. - T58, T102, T173, T343, T364
Index of Field Names in 'Pensford,
Publow and Woollard' (2003)
T numbers refer to the 1839 Tithe Map reference
Alderwells 103,104,109 Amercam 294 Amercombe 350 Babyland 370 Bakers 200,201,207 Barham, Long 15 Barhams 16 Barken 207 Beadams 134 Beadons 134 Bell Inn 231 Birchwood 130,131,166,167,176 Bitham 134 Black Rock 343 etc Blackrock Lane 365 Blues 117 Bookhill 200,201,202,203,204 Borough Bank 316 Broomy, Great 238 Burdons 135 Butts 12,289,290 Butts Markham 11 Butts Meadow 5 Butts Orchard 288 Calves Close 108 Capell 316,317,340 Carsbrook 301,350 Casebrook 301,350 Catley 108 Cave's 108 Chapel Piece 131 Charlton Field 214,370,380,392 Chelwood Gate 152 Church Lands 136,137,161,172 Clarelew 298 Coalpit 174 etc Common 128,130,197,274,298 etc Cowman Mead 97,98 Coneygre 45a,125,132,140,210 Copeland 18 Corn Close 107 Corn Leaze 296 Crabtree Close 114 Crossway 384 Cuckow Sleight 329 Daffy's 207,216,217 Drake's Close 207 Ducknest 98 Duckpools, Gallows Close 153 George Inn 86 Gibbett Lane 361 Gorse 303 Greens Folly 85 Grove 10, 111,127, 129, 131, 215, 218,303 Gunder Mead 357,359 Gundle mead 357,359 Ham 14,15,219 etc Halfpenny Well 40 Hawkham 308 Hedge Grove 358 Hedge mead 268 Hedges 279,306 Henpound 102,208 Hermitage 282 Herns 172 Hick 329,335,337,338,339 etc Hickley 305 Hix 326,334 Holkham 308 Hollybushes 116 Ham Meads 118 Hursley 361,366,367,369,376,381 K's 108 Ketchey's 305 Keynsham 102 Kinsham 102 Leigh 122 Lime Close 307,308,311,312 Lime Pits 330 Limekiln 164,165,168,393,394,385 Lords Wood 173 Lye 110,120,122,198,199 etc Lydown 126,133 Lyfield 115 Lypeat 387 Magnet 241 Marcombe 14 Markham 11, 14 Mill Mead 154,186,191 Mooncroft 140 Moorcroft 115,140 Mountain 219,220 Nine Ground Lane 370 Oat Hills 337 Oatley Close 108 Paradise Row 85,253,254,255 Pensford Down 45a Petty Close 309 Pipershill 155,159 Pond Close 182,183 Pool Mead 126 Pound 3,4 Pound Close 116 Priest Down 247,262 Pris Down 247,274 Pryors Hill 163 Publow Common 197 Publow Hill 96,246 Publow Wood 105 Ring Pits 341,342 Ringspit 341,350 Rowler's 278 Rush Mead 290 Salters Brook 40 Sandhills 110, 138, 139, 141 Sandhole 110 Seagrove 215,218 Shutty Mead 124 Sideham 58 Sideland 295 Sidelong 295 Sidon 58 Starve Acre 399 Stout's Mead 194 Stratton Hill 14 Summer Leaze 287 Tanyard 232 Tining/Tyning 106, 350, 371,373, 375, 403 Usley Hill 361,362,364,383 Vineyard 313,314,315 Walls Mead 195 Ware Pool 209 Wethergroves 154 Whitley 150,151 Whitley Batch 162 Winyards 331 etc Winyards Hill 318 etc Woollard Hill 332,335
Free online resources for family historians etc:
List of Pensford and Publow coalminers from 1901 Census
Landowners and tenants from 1839 Tithe Map schedule
(due to be posted later in 2003)
Tenants from Publow Parish 1776 Estate Rent Roll